We studied experts’ perceptual capacities to identify factors they attend to in order to dominate their domains of expertise (Schempp & Woorons, 2018).  Interestingly, we found little difference in the number of factors perceived between the novices and experts.  Experts, it appears, do not see more than nonexperts.  Rather, they see differently. And that difference is in their focus.  Experts focus on factors that determine results. Specifically, they focus on factors in their environment that determine efficiency, safety, and effectiveness. In other words, experts focus their attention on a multitude of critical features that impact the quality and level of the results. While nonexperts’ attention is given to random environmental factors that have little influence on event outcome, experts are highly selective and focus tightly on the critical features of personnel, resources, process progression and leadership.  This focus allows the expert to monitor developing events to consistently identify where and how opportunities can be seized and influence made to achieve desired and superior results.  To focus like an expert, ask yourself: “will this help me get the results I want?”  If the answer is no, pay it little mind.  If the answer is yes, give it serious attention.


Schempp, P., & Woorons, S. (2018).  Differences between expert and novice tennis instructors’ perceptual capacities.  International Sport Coaching Journal, 5. 251-260.